Slip Crushing – Audit

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Slip crushing, release 2, issued 24 September 2018. AUDIT version.

The current release of this worksheet exists in different versions. They are identical apart from the way they are formatted. The Work version hides intermediate calculations and allows the user to see the results just below the inputs. This is useful for quick “what-if” games, changing various inputs to see what works best. The Audit version displays all intermediate calculations.


This worksheet calculates the maximum axial load that a section of drillpipe can be subjected to when setting the slips to avoid crushing by the hoop stress imposed by the slips. It assumes that the drillpipe, slips and bowl are in good condition and that the slips are set with slow movement down (ie no shock loading).

User input





Pipe outside diameter. L_Ddp =





Pipe inside diameter (actual, not nominal). L_ddp =



Enter the number part of the pipe steel grade eg for G105, enter 105 (units are kpsi). Pσ =




Decimal feetinchmm

Slip contact length (between slips and bowl). L_Mcnt =





Slip angle in degrees (angle between back of slips and pipe centreline). θslip =




inch squaredmm squared

Contact area between slips and pipe (refer to slip manufacturer). Acnt =



Coefficient of friction between slips and bowl. Cμ =



Design factor for crushing (hoop stress). C_dfhp =



Design factor for axial stress (tension). C_dft =


Click here when any values are modified to update the result.


Calculate the pipe cross sectional area Adp

Calculate the constant CK

Calculate the limiting axial force for slip crushing.

Calculate the design strength of the landing joint.


Maximum tension to avoid slip crushing

Design strength of the landing joint

Worksheet references

Version 1 of this worksheet released on 12 January 2009 by Steve Devereux CEng.

Version 2 of this worksheet released on 24 September 2018 by Steve Devereux CEng. A user found an error in the formula for the design strength of the landing joint, where the minimum yield stress multiplied by the cross sectional area of the pipe was multiplied by the design factor when it should have been divided by it.

Reinhold & Spri. “Why does drill pipe fail in the slip area?” World Oil article, October 1959.

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